https://mail.ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/issue/feed International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies 2022-09-29T03:52:26-04:00 IJMBS editor@ijmbs.info Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></p> <p>International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies&nbsp;(IJMBS) is an international, peer-reviewed, open access, online journal dedicated to the rapid publication of full-length original research papers, short communications, invited reviews, Case studies and editorial commentary and news, Opinions &amp; Perspectives and Book Reviews written at the invitation of the Editor in all areas of the Medical and Biomedical Studies.</p> <p>International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies&nbsp;is an academic journal which aims to publish complete and reliable source of information in the field of medical research providing the fundamental knowledge for further research.&nbsp;<em>IJMBS</em>&nbsp;commits to publish the results of researches in medical practice, risk factors and preventive medicine, safety and effectiveness of treatments, and diagnostic tools that are used to treat any disease. Our journal aims to attract an international audience of Medicine professionals enthusiastic to the most updated and substantial medical progress through the full spectrum of medical research.</p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Medical Studies||&nbsp; Biomedical Studies ||&nbsp;</strong></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Anatomy, Physiology, Anesthesia,<strong>&nbsp;</strong>Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cell biology, Genetics, Hematology, Pathology, Immunology, Microbiology, Virology, Parasitology, Surgery, Dental Sciences, Sports Physiology,&nbsp;Histopathology, Toxicology and all major disciplines of Biomedical Sciences,&nbsp;Pharmacokinetics,&nbsp;Molecular Drug Design, Phytochemistry, Toxicology, Biomedical Analysis, Clinical Research, Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Cell Biology, Genomics and Proteomics, Pharmacogenomics, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology,&nbsp;Agriculture, Herbal Medicine, Orthopaedics and all major disciplines of&nbsp;Medical and Biomedical Studies.</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Articles are published as they are accepted and are freely available on the journal’s website to facilitate rapid and broad dissemination of research findings to a global audience.</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif; text-align: justify;">Top Reasons for publication with us</strong></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Quick Quality Review:</strong> The journal has strong international team of editors and reviewers, Rapid Decision and Publication</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'lucida sans unicode', 'lucida grande', sans-serif;">Other features:</strong> DIDS and DOI: Assigned and Implemented the Open Review System (ORS).</span></span></p> <hr> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><strong>Important Notice:</strong></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: lucida sans unicode,lucida grande,sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Author can now directly send their manuscript as an email attachment to <strong><span style="color: #008000;">editor@ijmbs.info</span></strong></span></span></p> <hr> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://mail.ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/2599 Recorded Versus Live Online Lectures: Physiological Role in Learning 2022-09-19T05:21:08-04:00 Bhakti Kharate bhaktirahul03@gmail.com Lalita Chandan bhaktirahul03@gmail.com Waqas Alauddin bhaktirahul03@gmail.com Sarika Puri bhaktirahul03@gmail.com <p><strong>Background</strong><strong>: </strong>The Covid pandemic has changed the education system especially in terms of how we take lectures for the medical students. There has been a compulsively shift from traditional teaching to online teaching and learning.</p> <p>Learning content can be delivered through synchronous process&nbsp; where live interaction with the students is possible using various platforms like zoom, go to meeting etc. Another way of learning can be using asynchronous technology where video recording of lectures is sent to students as study material. Both these form of learning have their own advantages and disadvantages. <strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of the study is to examine the student’s perception of online live versus recorded lectures, which is preferred and explaining physiology basis of learning.<strong> Method: </strong>200 first professional medical students were divided into 2 groups to attend online and recorded lectures respectively on a chosen topic simultaneously. After the lecture a post test was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the lectures taken by both methods. Feedback on 20 items relating to the effectiveness of the teaching method on understanding of concepts, retention, doubt clearing, reproducibility in examination and time management was analysed. <strong>Results</strong>; Among 164 students who responded to our survey, 75.8% preferred recorded lectures over online live lectures due to its convenience, time saving and flexibility. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>A blended form of learning and innovative teaching learning methods help students in improving their learning outcomes.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-19T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://mail.ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/2607 Successful Treatment of Massive Pulmonary Embolism with Reteplase (Case Report and Review of Litreture) 2022-09-29T03:52:26-04:00 Dr. Surendra Singh surendrabhamu011@gmail.com Dr. Mayank Sarawag surendrabhamu011@gmail.com Dr. Seetaram Mali surendrabhamu011@gmail.com <p>Abstract -Massive pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) has an increased risk of mortality. Thrombolytic therapy is the accepted treatment. Reteplase, a variant of tissue plasminogen activator, has been used in acute myocardial infarction with acceptable safety and efficacy, but studies in massive PTE are rare. In this study we report single case of successful treatment of massive PTE with reteplase.</p> 2022-09-29T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://mail.ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/2603 Comparative Study of Different Doses of Dexmedetomidine As An Adjuvant To Intrathecal Hyperbaric Bupivacaine In Lower Limb Orthopaedic Surgeries 2022-09-21T01:15:39-04:00 Rekha Verma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Ranjeet EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Background</strong>: This study is aimed to assess the effect of Intrathecal administration of different doses of Dexmedetomidine with hyperbaric Bupivacaine.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Methods</strong>: A prospective randomized double blind study was conducted with 150 consenting patients of ASA grade I and II, scheduled for lower limb Orthopaedic surgeries. Using the lottery method, the patients were randomly allotted into 3 groups, 50 patients in each group. Group A, Group B &amp; Group C.&nbsp;</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results</strong>: Post-operative VAS and total analgesic requirement in 24 hours were minimal in group C as compare to B group. All the patients achieved Bromage scale 3 motor blocks and there was dose dependent prolongation of motor block in B and C groups. Similarly regression of motor block to Bromage 0 was significantly prolonged in group C than B and A group. Complete recovery of sensory and motor functions was observed in all the patients.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Supplementation of spinal Bupivacaine with Dexmedetomidine significantly prolonged both sensory and motor block compared with intrathecal Bupivacaine alone.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Dexmedetomidine, Bupivacaine, Intrathecal</p> 2022-09-21T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://mail.ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/2601 A Clinical Study on Foreign Bodies in Upper Aero-Digestive Tract 2022-09-21T01:04:52-04:00 Ranjeet EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Rekha Verma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Background:</strong> Aim of current study was to identify the patients with foreign-body ingestion and aspiration, develop a suitable algorithm for their management and study various complications following their removal.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Methods:</strong> The present study was carried out on hundred patients diagnosed as case of foreign-body in upper aero-digestive tract on the basis of history, examination and investigations.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results:</strong> Out of hundred patients of foreign body ingestion and aspiration in my study, 90 were children of age less than 10 years. Mean age of patients was 9.32±6.39 Yrs. In 84.00% cases type of foreign body was coin. In the trachea-bronchial tree, ten emergency bronchoscopies were done with successful removal of foreign bodies in 100.00% cases.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Early detection by meticulous history, imaging modality &amp; prompt management remains basis for favourable outcome and prevents fatal complications.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Aero-digestive, Cricopharynx, Oesophagoscopy, Tracheo-bronchial</p> 2022-09-21T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://mail.ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/2604 Comparison of Two Different Doses of Oral Midazolam Premedication on Induction Dose and Characteristics of Propofol: A Double Blind Study 2022-09-21T01:22:46-04:00 Rekha Verma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Ranjeet EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO <h2>Background: The objective of our study was to study the effect of two different doses of oral midazolam premedication on propofol induction dose and characteristics.</h2> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Methods:</strong> Randomized, prospective, double blind study conducted on 100 ASA I and II patients, falling between the age group of 18-60 yrs were randomly divided in to two groups, group I and group II who received 7.5mg and 15mg midazolam orally 45 mins before the surgery respectively.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results:</strong> Mean time taken for induction in group-I was significantly higher in group-A as compare to group-II. No significant difference was noted with respect to degree of sedation, changes in the heart rate and means arterial pressure, oxygen saturation between the two groups (p&gt;0.05). means arterial pressure, oxygen saturation between the two groups.</p> <h2>Conclusion: Our study concluded that 15mg midazolam premedication offers more benefits than 7.5mg midazolam by reducing induction dose of propofol without any undesirable effects like excess sedation, bradycardia and hypotension.</h2> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: Midazolam, Induction, Premedication</p> 2022-09-21T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies https://mail.ijmbs.info/index.php/ijmbs/article/view/2602 To Study the Outcome of Paper Patch Myringoplasty in Patients with Tympanic Membrane Perforations 2022-09-21T01:10:30-04:00 Ranjeet EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO Rekha Verma EDITOR@IJMBS.INFO <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Background</strong>: Tympanic membrane perforation is seen as partial and/or total rupture of the ear membrane which can occur for many reasons such as trauma, infection, malignant tumors or iatrogenic interventions .The aims of our study were to evaluate the outcome of office-based paper patch grafting in tympanic membrane (TM)</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Method</strong>: This is a retrospective study of 100 patients that underwent paper patch myringoplasty in an outpatient setting. The clinical factors with potential impact on the healing status of the TM were investigated: gender, age, laterality, etiology, duration of perforation, tinnitus, hearing loss, otorrhea, size and location of perforation, status of contralateral ear, ipsilateral findings of computed tomography, and duration of complete healing.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Result</strong>: TM perforation completely healed in 75.00% cases, and the mean duration of complete healing was 15.11±16.2 weeks.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Paper patch grafting can also be considered before formal surgical myringoplasty in the case of small, dry, chronic TM perforations.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: TM perforation, paper patching, myringoplasty</p> 2022-09-21T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies